Matera, better known as the City of Stones, is a provincial town of Basilicata. Its historic center is made up of Sassi of Matera, the most interesting and visited part of the Lucanian city.
The Sassi di Matera were included in the list of Unesco world heritage site in 1993. The city of Matera is a concentration of alleys, streets, houses, balconies, churches, all collected in the stone, the tuff.
Matera owes its tourist and cultural importance to Mel Gibson's "The Passion of the Christ", which made it rediscovered internationally. It is an interesting destination for lovers of intriguing landscapes and with a distant past.
This urban nucleus complex is formed by the "Caveoso" stone, from "Barisano" stone, And from "Civita" district. The best way to visit the Sassi of Matera is walking, walking up and down its streets, discovering churches, houses and a few remaining inhabitants.
The visit of the city of Matera and its Sassi can be done easily in one day. But let's see what are the main things to see.
What to see in the Sassi of Matera
1. The Natural Historical Archaeological Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Materano and housed inside the Palomba Sculpture Park.
2. The Duomo (Cathedral of Matera) it is located on the highest point of the city. From here you can enjoy a splendid view of the Sasso Barisano. The building dates back to the 1627th century and stands on the ruins of the former Benedictine monastery of St. Eustatius. Since XNUMX the cathedral has been dedicated to the Madonna della Bruna and St. Eustatius, protectors of the city of Matera.
3. The various rock churches of the city.
4. The Casagrotta of Vico Solitario, a typical house of the old city of Matera.
5. The Convent of Sant'Agostino, formed by the church and the convent, is a religious building dating back to the end of the sixteenth century.
6. The Crypt of Original Sin, an ancient church built in a cave where ancient cave paintings have been found.
7. The Long diver, a large cistern dug under the central Piazza Vittorio.
8. Located in Palazzo Lanfranchi, immediately behind the Sasso Caveoso, the National Museum of Medieval and Modern Art of the Basilica it is a prestigious building with important exhibitions.