According to the College of Psychologists of Madrid they inform us of some symptoms derived from action of traveling and as well as the consequences of this action. They are very common symptoms in travelers, and it is of special convenience to take them into account. Below we detail some of these:
It is a circulatory problem caused by the formation of a blood clot in the veins of the legs that can sometimes travel to the lungs. The formation of this clot is favored by prolonged immobility of the legs in the confined space of an airplane, coach or car seat and, on long journeys, can occur in people with no previous health problems. The risk increases in:
People over 40 years of age.
People with obesity.
Pregnant women or women taking contraceptives.
Varicose veins or circulatory problems in the legs;
Cancer or hematological diseases (disease related to the blood system) that favor the appearance of thrombosis;
People with a history of:
Thrombosis or pulmonary embolism or who have a family history of the same health problem;
Recent trauma or surgery to the legs or abdomen.
It is a disturbance related to sudden time changes of more than five hours that usually appears after air travel involving a passage of four or five time zones in both east-west and west-east directions. It is usually manifested by tiredness, insomnia during the new night hours, general malaise, disorientation, gastrointestinal disturbances, irritability, difficulty in concentration or decreased mental and physical performance. These symptoms gradually disappear as the body adapts to the new time zone.
Adjust meal and rest schedules to the time of the destination country, if possible, two or three days before departure. If you are traveling eastbound, it is recommended to go to bed one hour earlier than usual, while if you are traveling westbound, it is advisable to go to bed one hour later. If it is not possible to follow this progressive adaptation earlier, it can be done while traveling. In this way, the most frequent effects of jet lag can be reduced.
When flying westward, it may be useful to expose yourself to light during the afternoon and avoid morning light (by wearing sunglasses or dark glasses). On the other hand, when flying eastward, it is advisable to avoid evening light and expose yourself to morning light.
Encourage exposure to daylight upon arrival in the country of destination, as it improves the body's adaptation to the new time zone.
Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol and caffeine, as they may induce drowsiness or excitement and thus hinder adaptation to the new sleep schedule.
Avoid large meals which, due to their slow digestion, may make it difficult to sleep.
At the place of destination, try to sleep a minimum of 4 hours during the local night, which is called "support sleep", so that the internal body clock can adapt to the time change.
People taking medication at specific times (e.g. insulin) should adjust their medication schedule to match their destination.
The light-dark cycle is one of the most important factors in setting the internal body clock. Timely exposure to daylight, preferably sunlight, at the destination usually helps to adjust.
Occasionally, the use of short-acting sleeping pills may be helpful, although they should only be used on medical advice.